Posted on March 22nd, 2011 | Filed under Academic, Challenges, Community, Featured, Interfaith, Intra-Faith, Leadership, Learning, News, Popular Culture, Social Issues, Theology, Topic of the Week
Tagged with Atheism, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Bible, Caged Virgin, Christianity, Colbert, Dawkins, Death, Dialogue, Dutch, ethics, Faith, Gay, Gender, God, Harris, Hitchens, Homosexuality, Humanism, identity, Infidel, Islam, Jesus, morality, Muhammad, Netherlands, New Atheism, Nomad, pluralism, politics, Prodigal, questioning, Qur'an, Scripture, tolerance, Van Gogh, Violence, vocation, women
Among immigrants aspiring to brave futures in the land of the free, few are as publicly controversial or as mobile as Ayaan Hirsi Ali. In her most recent appearance on the Colbert Report, Stephen asked her if she left Islam and became a Christian. Her answer to the first, "yes." Her answer to the second, "No...I prefer John Locke to Jesus Christ. I prefer John Stuart Mill to Jesus Christ...I (ha ha) prefer Jon Stewart to Jesus Christ." And yet, in her 2010 memoir, Nomad, Ali commends...Jesus Christ? Here's a little background.
As a child, Hirsi Ali lived in Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Kenya. As a young woman, she fled an arranged marriage, seeking asylum in the Netherlands. Eleven years later, she was a Dutch Member of Parliament. By 2004, Hirsi Ali feared for her life after the murder of Theo Van Gogh, whose killer stabbed a letter threatening her with death into Van Gogh's chest. Van Gogh and Hirsi Ali were co-creators of the film Submission, Part 1, dramatizing a series of monologues portraying Muslim women who pour out heartfelt pains to God.
Following Van Gogh's death, Hirsi Ali was stripped of her Dutch citizenship, then later received it back. She traveled from safe house to safe house under security surveillance costing annually the equivalent of millions of dollars. Under the watchful supervision of bodyguards she entered America, where at first she felt rootless and lost: "To be a nomad, always wandering, had always sounded romantic. In practice, to be homeless and living out of a suitcase was a little foretaste of hell."
Hirsi Ali's first memoir, Infidel (in Dutch, Mijn Vrijheid, "My Freedom") was written with assistance from an anonymous ghostwriter and published in the United States in 2007. It became an international bestseller. Ali also published an essay collection in 2006 (expanded in 2008), The Caged Virgin: An Emancipation Proclamation for Women and Islam. Now we have Nomad: From Islam to America: A Personal Journey through the Clash of Civilizations. Nomad is partly a sequel to Infidel. Both carry endorsements or forwards by "New Atheists" Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens.
Infidel chronicles Hirsi Ali's journey to atheism. But while Nomad continues to convey some of the disdain for religious faith that animated her first book, it falls short of pervasive disregard for belief in God—not least by extolling construed "moderate Christians" who allegedly, "do not take every word in the Bible to be the word of God. They don't seek to actively live exactly as Jesus Christ and his disciples did. They are actually critical of the Bible, which they read in their own language and have revised several times. There are parts they deem inspirational and parts they deem no longer relevant."
Ali also depicts her family as destitute, devout, oppressed by the strictures of Islam, and incessantly begging her to return to the faith. Her now deceased father, whom she refers to as "Abeh" (Somali for "papa" or "daddy"), tells her, "You must remember, Ayaan, that our health and our lives are in the hands of Allah. I am on my way to the hereafter. My dear child, what I want you to do is read just one chapter of the Quran. Laa-uqsim Bi-yawmi-il-qiyaama," about resurrection day. Hirsi Ali dedicates Nomad to a "surrogate Abeh—a friend, a mentor, a guide to American Life—with respect and love."
Much ink has been spilled and digitalized denouncing and defending Hirsi Ali. That she is a divisive figure is meticulously documented. Debate about her proposals is valuable. But this review is not about her accuracy, tact, or political activism. It is about her challenges to people of faith, and from a Christian perspective, discerning another "Abeh" (or "Abba," Mark 14:36, Romans 8:15, Galatians 4:6) whispering through the pages of Nomad.
If memory serves correctly, I have heard several interviews in which Hirsi Ali characterized Christianity as like every other religion in peddling magical thinking, miracles, myths such as stories about dying and rising gods, and Freudian wishful thinking of a Big Mama or Big Daddy in the sky. Reading Infidel and the script for Submission, Part 1, one sometimes encounters muted versions of the devilish deity shrieking through the pages of Dawkins, Harris, and Hitchens. But at the same time, one hears holy discontent, authentic cries for justice, and sincere bewilderment at God akin to prayers by biblical sufferers like Naomi, Hannah, the Psalmist, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, Job, and Jesus as he hung on the cross.
To the extent Hirsi Ali mourns injustice and works to alleviate suffering, she walks "in the path of the prophets," as conciliatory eastern Patriarch Timothy I once described the Muslim prophet Muhammad to Abbasid Caliph al-Mahdi. Correspondingly, wherever she cares for the downtrodden and gives voice to the voiceless, she is "not far from the kingdom of God," as Jesus said of a wise interlocutor in Mark 12:34...(Finish reading this Nomad review in Books & Culture here).
Benjamin B. DeVan has taught religion, philosophy, and African American literature at North Carolina Central University, Peace College, and a January term mini-course at MIT titled, "Religion: Bringing the World Together, or Tearing the World Apart?" He completed his MA in Counseling at Asbury Theological Seminary, his MDiv at Duke University, a ThM at Harvard in World Religions with a thesis on evangelical Christians and Muslims, and is now a doctoral candidate at a historic British university writing a dissertation on the New Atheism.